In addition, Guterres warned of the threat of climate change, the rise of extreme nationalism and terrorism, as well as the spread of disease and hunger
The world is facing the threat of a new Cold War “with a nuclear tinge” and the explosive growth of extreme nationalism. This was stated by UN Secretary-General António Guterres, speaking to graduates of Seton Hall University (New Jersey).
“From the Middle East to the threat of a new Cold War with a serious nuclear tinge, from terrorism and internal strife over ancient grievances to the explosive growth of extreme nationalism that ignores the basic truth that international solutions are always best for the national interest,” each of these challenges has become yet another sign of the split in our world,»,— he said.
Among other threats to the world, Guterres named the conflict in Ukraine, climate change, growing social inequality, the spread of hunger and disease. “As Secretary General of the United Nations, I must tell you that you are entering a world full of dangers. We are facing conflict and division on a scale that has not been seen in decades,” — he noted.
Relations between the world's largest nuclear powers— Russia and the USA (6255 versus 5550 warheads respectively)— aggravated against the background of the Russian special operation in Ukraine. President Vladimir Putin called its goals the need for “demilitarization and denazification”; neighboring state. He also pointed out that the special operation in Ukraine was the only way for Russia to forestall Western aggression against its own territory.
In response to the special operation, Ukraine declared martial law, and Western countries, including the United States, began imposing sanctions against Moscow and supplying weapons to Kyiv. In mid-April, US Chargé d'Affaires a.i. in Estonia, Brian Roraff, said that the US did not rule out the deployment of troops in Europe on a permanent basis. He said that the number of American troops on the continent has grown from 80,000 to 120,000 people, and the country does not exclude additional deployment to strengthen security.
The Kremlin pointed out that the West had created a “powerful fist” on the eastern flank; and a strong defense military infrastructure. Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that as a response, Vladimir Putin instructed Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu to prepare and submit proposals to strengthen the western flank.
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